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Bruxism or gnashing of teeth – is too strong, unconscious activity of the masseter muscle, clench of teeth, usually during sleep.
Apart from the night bruxism, there is diurnal bruxism when a person tends to involuntarily clench his teeth at the emotional tension.
About 15 percent of adult and about 50 percent of children suffer from bruxism.
Bruxism of little children usually does not require treatment, because at the age of 6-7 years, they usually recover themselves. Children gnash their teeth more when milk teeth or permanent teeth germinate, the jaw grows, and it is – a physiological process. When permanent jawbone forms, this phenomenon resolves itself. A person, experiencing gnashing of teeth, can feel pain of jaw, cheek, pain in temple area, headache, the teeth become sensitive to cold, and while biting, teeth imprints may be visible on the tongue. During friction teeth wear out, become sensitive, fillings can chip off, some teeth, prostheses can crack or even break. Therefore bruxism is necessary to be treated.
Bruxism reasons may be different:
What to do?
Bruxism mouth guard
* Consult your dentist. If this is the problem of occlusion, occlusion correction will be performed (aesthetic filling, prosthodontics), if it’s too strong bite, it is necessary to fix the tongue, lips and teeth position by producing a special mouth guard and wear it at night. It will not let the teeth to contact, will keep the jaw in a regular position, so masseter muscles will relax.
* Try to avoid stress as much as possible, learn to relax, manage exposure to stress. E.g. physical exercises reduce tension, relax muscles.
If your child gnashes his teeth, read tips