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Tooth decay (Caries dentium) also known as caries is a unique, diet and bacteria caused dental hard tissue disease, which result in melting and decomposing of calcified tissues.
In the primary stage decay looks like a mealy spot on the surface of enamel. In favorable conditions, the spot forms within two – three weeks. Decay can be seen with a naked eye after just a month or a longer period of time. Dental decay can be felt by very brief stinging pain from cold, hot, sweet and sour food. It becomes difficult to chew, you can feel the cavity with your tongue, and the food stuck in it.
Increasing and deepening, tooth decay damages the pulp. Such decay is called complicated. To prevent caries and its complications (pulp inflammation, bone destruction in the area of tooth root tip) we should:
Adult’s teeth are sealed with light firming fillings, which are adjusted to the color of the tooth. In some cases, amalgam fillings are used.
Milk teeth are sealed with glass ionomer fillings, which may be close to the tooth color or colorful.