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Dental x-ray, also known as radiogram is an auxiliary diagnostic and therapeutic tool. It assesses the dental crown and root condition, also the structure of the tooth: periodontal ligament, alveolus outgrowth – a bone.
Today, dental x-rays are a very important supportive treatment tool. High-quality photos of teeth allow dentists to assess the exact condition and plan the patient’s treatment: root canal preparation and filling, dental implantation, prosthodontics, tooth extraction and other complex procedures. Sometimes without dental photos it is impossible to accurately assess the interdental or root caries, root tip inflammation, tooth bone disintegration.
“Ateities dental clinic” in Vilnius carries out dental x-rays, which allow very detailed assessment of patients’ condition. Currently the clinic has the ability to perform a dental digital radiogram which specific program helps to make an accurate diagnosis. Seeing such a photo, specialist can determine the length of the root canals and their formation, the length of periodontal pockets, tooth decay, etc.
Radiological examination is carried out by special certified x-ray device, which is checked for radiation safety and meets all the requirements. It emits a very small and narrow x-ray beam, which makes minimal exposure, and lead protection preserves the closest organs from irradiation. Therefore, this study is safe. Nowadays, digital technology makes it possible to reduce x-ray dose to tens of percent. Thus, it is a myth, that during radiographic studies, patients get a high dose of x- rays.
Apart from dental radiogram, there are panoramic x-ray (otherwise known as orthopantomogram), lateral head radiographs – cefalograms, mandibular joint, sinus radiographs, in complex cases – computer tomography performed in the clinic.
Only a few clinics in Vilnius carry out panoramic x-ray of the mouth. It shows the total condition of lower and upper jaw bone, teeth and their roots, the image of the nerve canals, the position of temporomandibular joint and maxillary sinuses. This x-ray is necessary to assess the overall condition of the mouth and to plan the treatment. Mostly, panoramic x-ray is done while planning the treatment, for treatment of paradontosis, wisdom teeth removal, planning dental implantation, also in order to evaluate the condition of teeth and their roots as well as restorations of existing teeth. This photo is required when planning orthodontic treatment, large -scale prosthodontics, etc. Often these x-rays are made after the treatment in order to observe and take care of the patient’s oral condition.
The head lateral radiograph is required while planning orthodontic treatment. The doctor orthodontist decides when it is needed.
If a patient complains of joint problems, the mandibular joint functional radiograph is performed.
As technology is improving, we often perform a CT scan. This is a study when layer by layer, of all sides and with the highly accurate measurements can be planned and evaluated the image of mouth and its individual structures.
Dentists decide what kind of radiograph is needed.
In each case, one or more of the required test methods can be selected.