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Some of us are often suffering from painful or bleeding gums, bad breath, lack of cleanliness and freshness after brushing teeth. Do not ignore it, because this is one of the first symptoms that your oral hygiene is not good. Soft and hard plaque on the teeth allows bacteria to multiply. This might lead to larger problems: periodontal (tissues that support and surround the teeth) diseases, decay, mouth fungus, mucosal inflammation. In order to prevent this, sometimes it is not enough to clean the teeth with a brush – each of us is required professional oral hygiene. During the procedure, tartar is removed with a help of ultrasound machine and special instruments, teeth surfaces are polished and smoothed. If there are too much of tartar, and it is not possible to remove it all at once, then you need a few visits, while sometimes professional oral hygiene is performed with anesthesia.
For polishing and smoothing teeth we use a special machine. It cleans teeth with rotating rubber heads or brushes, and a special little abrasive polishing paste containing fluoride. Also a special carbonate powder, water and compressed air flow is used. After cleaning the teeth this way, it is possible to perform applications with curing and mineral balance repair products.
After the procedure, the patient is informed how to properly take care for the teeth at home, and what tools to use. The care of prosthetic teeth, implants, and orthodontically treated teeth are discussed separately.
Professional oral hygiene is recommended between 1-3 times a year, but it depends on each patient’s oral hygiene quality, and the intensity of tartar and plaque accumulation.
After procedures of oral hygiene, gum inflammation disappears, mouth breath improves; teeth become clean and smooth and regain their natural color. With patience, proper and careful supervision of the teeth, they will remain healthy and beautiful for a very long time.
CHILDREN’S TEETH LEAD IN THE NUMBER OF CARIES INTENSITY
It was estimated that a third of three-year- olds in Lithuania have teeth damaged by decay, 94 percent of six-year-olds also have carious lesions, and fifteen -year-olds almost all have rotten teeth. According to dentists, this is because young children are not being taught to properly take care of the teeth, as most parents have too little information about it.
Parents must take care of the cleaning of children’s teeth until they are able to perform good quality hygiene themselves. Often, our little ones are not skillful enough to properly clean the teeth, but removing plaque is a must, because decay violates children’s teeth faster than adult’s. It is necessary to explain the baby, that there is no need to use a large amount of paste – just a small ball is enough, as much foam prevents to clean the teeth properly. It is important to teach your child to spit out the toothpaste and rinse the mouth. Sometimes to use and mouthwash. A toothbrush and toothpaste are as much important for dental care, as the instruments for interdental cleaning: dental floss, interdental brushes. A brush for children should be with a rounded head.
LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
Dentists say that children’s teeth decay because of the poor oral hygiene and lack of preventative dental care. This is especially typical for milk teeth. While permanent teeth are growing, germs do not disappear with the first ones, and only waiting for new victims. As just erupted tooth has got not fully formed and firm enamel, microbes penetrate very easily and quickly.
Decay-causing bacteria can be transmitted to the child from his parents, so while feeding a baby, do not lick his spoon and if a soother or a toy fell to the ground, it must be thoroughly rinsed with water. Parents, sometimes without realizing it themselves, for the lack of information about children’s dental care, spoil children’s teeth. Also parents sometimes are delaying child’s visit to dental professionals, because they think that if the child does not complain, it means the teeth doesn’t hurt and are healthy. Child should see a dentist when the first tooth erupts.
BRUSHING TEETH – IS A GAME
Little by little teach your child to a correct dental care. Firstly, slowly brush over the teeth, so the child could feel the brush and it does not matter if the teeth will not be cleaned thoroughly. The main thing is that the child understands that brushing teeth doesn’t hurt and there is nothing to be afraid of. It is recommended to allow the child to brush the teeth independently, but then parents should do it themselves.
It is wonderful, if brushing teeth becomes fun. You should allow the child to choose a toothbrush, toothpaste and even a seat, so he could stand on it and see in the mirror how he cleans the teeth. Nowadays, there are many different colorful brushes with cartoons, fairy tales, and comic’s characters, etc. If your baby likes when you read a tale or sing a song to him at bedtime, do it only when the child cleans his teeth. It is suggested to brush your teeth with your child, because then he will see not only how to do it correctly, but also will understand how important it is for his parents. After all, 7-8 year old children especially tend to imitate their parents. You can also clean the teeth to a beloved toy.
INFANT ORAL CARE
The forthcoming baby’s teeth should be cleaned from the early days of the baby. After each feeding mother should clean baby’s gums with a special sterile wipe. In this way, accumulated plaque will be removed, and a child will get used to clean the mouth and it will be easier to teach him to brush his teeth.
The first baby teeth begin to appear at 5-6 months. It is quite a difficult period since there releases more saliva and the baby becomes anxious because of gum pain. When the first teeth come out, it is necessary to clean them every day with a sterile napkin. If the child gets used to strange objects in his mouth from time to time, then it will be much easier to brush teeth.